James F. Clapp, III, M.D., was an international authority on the effects of exercise during pregnancy, Emeritus Professor of Reproductive Biology at Case Western Reserve University and Research Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. Research projects includded: follow-up studies of women (and their offspring) who ran, cross-country skied, or performed aerobics throughout their pregnancies 18 to 20 years ago; studies of the effects of additional forms of exercise such as swimming, spinning, and weight training; and studies of the effects of vigorous exercise at high altitude during late pregnancy.
Dr. Clapp completed his medical degree at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. He received research training in pathology at the University of Vermont College of Medicine and training in reproductive physiology at the University of Florida School of Medicine and at Yale University School of Medicine. In the early 1970s Dr. Clapp joined the faculty of the University of Vermont College of Medicine, where he began a series of research projects designed to determine the effects of maternal lifestyle factors on fetal growth and development. In the early 1980s he began a series of comprehensive studies that have examined the effects of maternal exercise on the course and outcome of pregnancy. In 1990 he moved from Vermont to Cleveland, Ohio, where he was the director of obstetrical research at Metro Health Medical Center and a Professor of reproductive biology at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.
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