We need information security to reduce the risk of unauthorized information access, use, disclosure, and disruption. First off, information security must start at the top. As mentioned before, an information security program helps organizations develop a holistic approach to securing their infrastructure, especially if regulations mandate how you must protect sensitive data. Okay, maybe most people. Business unit leaders must see to it that information security permeates through their respective organizations within the company. It’s important because government has a duty to protect service users’ data. Maybe it’s because we miss some of the basics. To do that, they first have to understand the types of security threats they're up against. The original blog post may be found here. The need for Information security: Protecting the functionality of the organisation: The decision maker in organisations must set policy and operates their organisation in compliance with the complex, shifting legislation, efficient and capable applications. A disgruntled employee is just as dangerous as a hacker from Eastern Europe. On the surface, the answer is simple. Maintaining availability means that your services, information, or other critical assets are available to your customers when needed. In general, information security can be defined as the protection of data that owned by an organization or individual from threats and or risk. ready to adapt to an evolving digital world in order to stay a step ahead of cybercriminals Required fields are marked *, WEST COAST REGIONAL ADDRESS 1 Sansome St. 35th Floor San Francisco, CA 94104, CORPORATE & MIDWEST REGIONAL ADDRESS 4235 Hillsboro Pike Suite 300 Nashville, TN 37215, NORTHEAST REGIONAL ADDRESS 200 Park Avenue Suite 1700 New York, NY 10166, SOUTHEAST REGIONAL ADDRESS 1228 East 7th Ave. Suite 200 Tampa, FL 33605, Why an Information Security Program Is Important, https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.41/27f.9c9.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/KP_BlogPost_28_700x500.png?time=1608754257, https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.41/27f.9c9.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/KirkpatrickPrice_Logo.png. Three Ways to Verify the Identity of an Email, Business continuity and/or disaster recovery plans. By focusing on the protection of these three pillars of information security, your information security program can better ready your organization to face outside threats. Applying appropriate adminis… A top-down approach is best for understanding information security as an organization and developing a culture with information security at the forefront. If you want your When is the right time to implement and information security program? Risk assessments must be performed to determine what information poses the biggest risk. The process of building a thorough program also helps to define policies and procedures for assessing risk, monitoring threats, and mitigating attacks. This doesn’t just apply to lost or destroyed data, but also when access is delayed. Every element of an information security program (and every security control put in place by an entity) should be designed to achieve one or more of … For additional information on security program best practices, visit the Center for Internet […], Your email address will not be published. Creativity They must be able to anticipate cyberattacks, always thinking one step ahead of a … Understanding information security comes from gathering perspective on the five Ws of security: what, why, who, when, and where. An information security assessment will help you determine where information security is sufficient and where it may be lacking in your organization. Information security is the technologies, policies and practices you choose to help you keep data secure. In order to do this, access must be restricted to only authorized individuals. Information Security is not only about securing information from unauthorized access. Your right to audit the third-party’s information security controls should also be included in contracts, whenever possible. If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have a need for information security. Information security is a business issue. Senior management demonstrates the commitment by being actively involved in the information security strategy, risk acceptance, and budget approval among other things. It … Information security personnel need employees to participate, observe and report. Applying appropriate administrative, technical, and physical safeguards through an information security program can help you to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of your organization’s critical assets. In order to gain the most benefit from information security, it must be applied to the business as a whole. These principles, aspects of which you may encounter daily, are outlined in the CIA security model and set the standards for securing data. Your email address will not be published. We could also include the sixth W, which is actually an “H” for “how.” The “how” is why FRSecure exists. In order to decrease information exposure, companies must protect the place sensitive information resides because that is the entry point for cybercriminals. Keep in mind that a business is in business to make money. Proactive information security is always less expensive. An information security program is the practices your organization implements to protect critical business processes, data, and IT assets. You may recall from our definition in “What is Information Security?” that fundamentally information security is: The application of Administrative, Physical, and Technical controls in an effort to protect the Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability of information. This means that sensitive data must be protected from accidental or intentional changes that could taint the data. Building an information security program means designing and implementing security practices to protect critical business processes and IT assets. Information security policy is a set of policies issued by an organization to ensure that all information technology users within the domain of the organization or its networks comply with rules and guidelines related to the security of the information stored digitally at any point in the network or within the organization's boundaries of authority. When is the right time to update your existing program? Well, managers need to understand that managing information security is similar – the fact that you have finished your project, or that you got an ISO 27001 certificate, doesn’t mean that you can leave it all behind. If you have questions about how to build a security program at your business, learn more at frsecure.com. Your email address will not be published. This can’t be stressed enough. Establish a general approach to information security 2. Without senior management commitment, information security is a wasted effort. They both have to do with security and protecting computer systems from information breaches and threats, but they’re also very different. Although they are often used interchangeably, there is a difference between the terms cybersecurity and information security. Physical controls can usually be touched and/or seen and control physical access to information. Protect the reputation of the organization 4. Information concerning individuals has value. Arguably, nobody knows how information is used to fulfill business objectives more than employees. All employees are responsible for understanding and complying with all information security policies and supporting documentation (guidelines, standards, and procedures). Information security must be holistic. Schneier (2003) consider that security is about preventing adverse conseq… An information security program that does not adapt is also dead. Information security is not an IT issue any more or less than it is an accounting or HR issue. Third parties such as contractors and vendors must protect your business information at least as well as you do yourself. Integrity ensures information can only be altered by authorized users, safeguarding the information as credible and prese… When is the right time to address information security? This is an easy one. Information can be in any form like digital or … There are a couple of characteristics to good, effective data security that apply here. File permissions and access controls are just a couple of things that can be implemented to help protect integrity. Reviewing Your Information Security Program, 15 Must-Have Information Security Policies, […] Morris is a guest blogger from auditor KirkpatrickPrice. Detect and minimize the impact of compromised information assets such as misuse of data, networks, mobile devices, computers and applications 3. Senior management must make a commitment to information security in order for information security to be effective. Do you have information that needs to be accurate? The “top” is senior management and the “start” is commitment. Failure to do so can lead to ineffective controls and process obstruction. Making money is the primary objective, and protecting the information that drives the business is a secondary (and supporting) objective. Information can … Control Functions Preventative controls describe any security measure that’s designed to stop unwanted or unauthorized activity Comply with legal and regulatory requirements like NIST, GDPR, HIPAA and FERPA 5. According to Oxford Students Dictionary Advanced, in a more operational sense, security is also taken steps to ensure the security of the country, people, things of value, etc. In order to be effective, your information security program must be ever-changing, constantly evolving, and continuously improving. Technical controls use technology to control access. When looking to secure information resources, organizations must balance the need for security with users’ need to effectively access and use these resources. Do you have information that needs to be kept confidential (secret)? An information security policy aims to enact protections and limit the distribution of data to only those with authorized access. Information security refers to the processes and tools designed to protect sensitive business information from invasion, whereas IT security refers to securing digital data, through computer network security. The consequences of the failure to protect the pillars of information security could lead to the loss of business, regulatory fines, and loss of reputation. The fundamental principles (tenets) of information security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability. We need information security to reduce the risk of unauthorized information access, use, disclosure, and disruption. In Part 1 of his series on IT Security, Matthew Putvinski discusses information security best practices and outlines a checklist for a best practice IT security program, including the importance of designation an ISO, incident response, and annual review. Good examples of physical controls are: Technical controls address the technical factors of information security—commonly known as network security. Information Security is basically the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information. Administrative controls address the human factors of information security. We need information security to improve the way we do business. Security awareness training for employees also falls under the umbrella of administrative controls. Designating an information security officer can be helpful in this endeavor to help organize and execute your information security program. Information systems security does not just deal with computer information, but also protecting data and information in all of its forms, such as telephone conversations. You get the picture. Although an information security policy is an example of an appropriate organisational measure, you may not need a ‘formal’ policy document or an associated set of policies in specific areas. We need information security to reduce risk to a level that is acceptable to the business (management). In understanding information security, we must first gain an understanding of these well-established concepts. Information security (also known as InfoSec) ensures that both physical and digital data is protected from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction. If your business is starting to develop a security program, information security is where yo… Your information security program must adjust all of the time. Good examples of administrative controls are: Physical controls address the physical factors of information security. Why You Need to Document Your Policies and Procedures, Information Security Program Is Critical | AIS Network. Confidentiality is the most important aspect of database security, and is most commonly enforced through encryption. Who is responsible for information security? Abstract: Information security is importance in any organizations such as business, records keeping, financial and so on. What Does a Strong Information Security Program Look Like? The responsibility of the third-party is to comply with the language contained in contracts. Peter (2003) asserted that company’s survival and the rights of its customers would be influenced by the risks of illicit and malevolent access to storage faciliti… Organizations create ISPs to: 1. You have the option of being proactive or reactive. 13.8a Describe the measures that are designed to protect their own security at work, and the security of those they support 13.8b Explain the agreed ways of working for checking the identity of anyone requesting access to premises or information Less expensive is important if your company is into making money. . In information security, there are what are known as the pillars of information security: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability (CIA). The right time to address information security is now and always. Regardless of the size of your business or the industry you’re in, an information security program is a critical component of any organization. Information security needs to be integrated into the business and should be considered in most (if not all) business decisions. Do you have information that must be available when you need it. A better question might be “Who is responsible for what?”. Confidentiality limits information access to authorized personnel, like having a pin or password to unlock your phone or computer. Required fields are marked *, https://frsecure.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/the-5-Ws-of-infosec.jpg, /wp-content/uploads/2018/05/FRSecure-logo.png. Why Bother with an Information Security Program? I know that I do. Where does information security apply? For more information on how to develop your information security program, or for help developing your policies and procedures, contact us today. This point stresses the importance of addressing information security all of the time. Data security should be an important area of concern for every small-business owner. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, security in general is the quality or state of being secure, that is, to be free from harm. Consequences of the failure to protect the pillars of information security could lead to the loss of business, regulatory fines, and loss of reputation. Information security protects companies data which is secured in the system from the malicious purpose. About the Author: Kim Crawley spent years working in general tier two consumer tech support, most of which as a representative of Windstream, a secondary American ISP. We need information security to reduce risk to a level that is acceptable to the business (management). Should an entity have an Information Security Officer? The topic of cyber security is sweeping the world by storm with some of the largest and most advanced companies in the world falling victim to cyber-attacks in just the last 5 years. As we know from the previous section, information security is all about protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. Senior management’s commitment to information security needs to be communicated and understood by all company personnel and third-party partners. Protect their customer's dat… Developing a disaster recovery plan and performing regular backups are some ways to help maintain availability of critical assets. These objectives ensure that sensitive information is only disclosed to authorized parties (confidentiality), prevent unauthorized modification of data (integrity) and guarantee the data can be accessed by authorized parties when requested (availability). A weakness in one part of the information security program affects the entire program. In information security, there are what are known as the pillars of information security: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability (CIA). Infosec programs are built around the core objectives of the CIA triad: maintaining the confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT systems and business data. Information security differs from cybersecurity in that InfoSec aims to keep data in any form secure, whereas cybersecurity protects only digital data. A printed account statement thrown in the garbage can cause as much damage as a lost backup tape. Maintaining the integrity of sensitive data means maintaining its accuracy and authenticity of the data. Although IT security and information security sound similar, they do refer to different types of security. Is That Sender For Real? If a system’s security measures make it difficult to use, then users Information security personnel need to understand how the business uses information. Businesses and the environments they operate in are constantly changing. Therefore, information security analysts need strong oral and written communication skills. Hopefully, we cleared up some of the confusion. Establish an information security steering committee comprised of business unit leaders. So, answer these questions: If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have a need for information security. Typically administrative controls come in the form of management directives, policies, guidelines, standards, and/or procedures. While it’s not practical to incorporate every employee’s opinion into an information security program, it is practical to seek the opinions of the people who represent every employee. Information security can be confusing to some people. A business that does not adapt is dead. A great place to start when developing an information security program is to identify the people, processes, and technologies that interact with, or could have an impact on the security, confidentiality, or integrity of your critical assets. Maintaining confidentiality is important to ensure that sensitive information doesn’t end up in the hands of the wrong people. Against that backdrop, highly personal and sensitive information such as social security numbers were recently stolen in the Equifax hack , affecting over 145 million people . Physical controls are typically the easiest type of control for people to relate to. Your email address will not be published. This is sometimes tough to answer because the answer seems obvious, but it doesn’t typically present that way in most organizations. According to Sherrie et al. What is the difference between IT security and information security ()? Information security requirements should be included in contractual agreements. (2006), “Information is a vital asset to any company, and needs to be appropriately protected.” (as citied in Hong et al, 2003). Some methods that could be used to protect confidentiality include encryption, two-factor authentication, unique user IDs, strong passwords, etc. Information Security Attributes: or qualities, i.e., Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA). As a term laden with associations, information security covers a wide area of practices and techniques but simply put, it is protecting information and information systems from various undesired and or dangerous situations such as disruption, destruction, or unauthorized access and use. It applies throughout your organization. Whether you’re responsible for protected health information (PHI), personally identifiable information (PII), or any other proprietary information, having a fully developed program provides you with a holistic approach for how to safeguard and protect the information for which you are responsible. Simplified, that’s understanding our risks and then applying the appropriate risk management and security measures. A good information security program consists of a comprehensive set of information security policies and procedures, which is the cornerstone to any security initiative in your organization. One has to do with protecting data from cyberspace while the other deals with protecting data in […] Information security, cybersecurity, IT security, and computer security are all terms that we often use interchangeably. and why? Let’s take a look at how to protect the pillars of information security: confidentiality, integrity, and availability of proprietary data. Good examples of technical controls are: As mentioned previously, these concepts are what our controls aim to protect. Fundamentally, information security is the application of administrative, physical, and technical controls in an effort to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and/or availability of information. The triad of confidentiality, integrity and availability is the foundation of information security, and database security, as an extension of InfoSec, also requires utmost attention to the CIA triad. Employees are responsible for seeking guidance when the security implications of their actions (or planned actions) are not well understood. Now we are starting to understand where information security applies in your organization. This is how we define them: Basically, we want to ensure that we limit any unauthorized access, use, and disclosure of our sensitive information. This information security will help the organizations to fulfill the needs of the customers in managing their personal information, data, and security information. As mentioned before, an information security program helps organizations develop a holistic approach to securing their infrastructure, especially if regulations mandate howyou must protect sensitive data. Information security is a lifecycle of discipline. Everyone is responsible for information security! The continued preservation of CIA for information assets is the primary objective for information security continuity To ensure this is considered in a disaster scenario, it is highly recommended (but not mandatory) to include information security aspects within … The communicated commitment often comes in the form of policy. What is infosec, and why is information security confusing? Why Does a Company Need an Information Security Policy. A good information security program clearly defines how your organization will keep your company’s data secure, how you will assess risk, and how your company will address these risks. Much of the information we use every day cannot be touched, and often times the control cannot be either. It identifies the people, processes, and technology that could impact the security, confidentiality, and integrity of your assets. The NIST said data protections are in place "in order to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability" of secure information. Perhaps your company hasn’t designed and/or implemented an information security program yet, or maybe your company has written a few policies and that was that. These security practices that make up this program are meant to mature over time. It applies throughout the enterprise. 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