The Latin allies brought double the cavalry. If the Legion was well prepared extra wood stakes would be cut for this purpose as well. Publisher: Routledge. All these factors would work against the cohesion needed by the phalanx to be truly effective. a barrage of pila to encumber the phalanxes shield, ducking under the long, heavy spears, and the legionaries were at the hoplites throats, inside their Aelianus Tacticus dedicated his drill manual on the phalanx to Hadrian. They talk a lot about clashes of different army types like this. And, unlike a phalanx, a legion had considerable ability to turn while maintaining it's unit cohesion. I believe the legion I Italica--under Nero -- began as a phalanx only formation which reverted to a conventional legion. formation. They couldn't do so quickly, and they Cohort: six centuries or a total of 480 fighting men. Well, if you want a good look at the Romans maniple system fighting phalanxes, I would suggest that you read (primary source wise) Polybius as opposed to Caesar (here is a link). ._1x9diBHPBP-hL1JiwUwJ5J{font-size:14px;font-weight:500;line-height:18px;color:#ff585b;padding-left:3px;padding-right:24px}._2B0OHMLKb9TXNdd9g5Ere-,._1xKxnscCn2PjBiXhorZef4{height:16px;padding-right:4px;vertical-align:top}._1LLqoNXrOsaIkMtOuTBmO5{height:20px;padding-right:8px;vertical-align:bottom}.QB2Yrr8uihZVRhvwrKuMS{height:18px;padding-right:8px;vertical-align:top}._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0{font-size:14px;font-weight:500;line-height:18px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)}._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._1LLqoNXrOsaIkMtOuTBmO5,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._2B0OHMLKb9TXNdd9g5Ere-,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 ._1xKxnscCn2PjBiXhorZef4,._3w_KK8BUvCMkCPWZVsZQn0 .QB2Yrr8uihZVRhvwrKuMS{fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)} In all, a consular army would have a strength of about 20,000. But a Marian legion (in cohorts) could break itself up into sizable chunks to outmanoeuvre the phalanx. I guess it also depends on the time frame you are talking about, and which specific army. At contact, the Gaullic warriors would make a violent downward cut with their long cutting swords onto the top edges of the Roman shields. Download → Combined Arms Warfare in Ancient Greece examines the timelines of military … So in battle, the phalanx would draw up in a line while the Romans had a [Checkerboard formation] ( When fighting in uneven terrain, the big cohesive phalanx would tend to break up and the hoplites would lose most of their effectiveness. We have also been recommended for educational use by the … Lighter armed enemies, If I'm reading the dates correctly the manipular Legion had developed either just before or during the early days of the Roman Republic. However, their back and sides were completely exposed. Not integrated IIRC, the Macedonians used their massed pike infantry formation on the Romans at the battle of Pidna in 168 BC. as flexible as phalanxes. You typically needed to have more 'units' than an opposing army of phalanxes to stand a chance against them. While holding them the flanks become vulnerable. action spoke of them as giant stabbing machines. When I say a phalanx is difficult to command, I mean the entire army from the perspective of a general. ._3-SW6hQX6gXK9G4FM74obr{display:inline-block;vertical-align:text-bottom;width:16px;height:16px;font-size:16px;line-height:16px} Aliens: Phalanx was released in paperback and e-book format on February 25, 2020 in the United States and United Kingdom through Titan Books. When legions faced phalanxes, they had several advantages. have been very manueverable. This change occured before the end of the Punic wars. They would go on to be replaced … One of the problems the Germans and Celtic infantry often had meeting legions It was a sort of game show wherein a team of non-experts tried to re-fight a historical battle, and two historians provided commentary on how the battles were fought. Basically, they were good at moving forward and that's it. ._2a172ppKObqWfRHr8eWBKV{-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0;margin-right:8px}._39-woRduNuowN7G4JTW4I8{border-top:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-widgetColors-lineColor);margin-top:12px;padding-top:12px}._3AOoBdXa2QKVKqIEmG7Vkb{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;background-color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);border-radius:4px;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;margin-top:12px}.vzEDg-tM8ZDpEfJnbaJuU{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);height:14px;width:14px}.r51dfG6q3N-4exmkjHQg_{font-size:10px;font-weight:700;letter-spacing:.5px;line-height:12px;text-transform:uppercase;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between}._2ygXHcy_x6RG74BMk0UKkN{margin-left:8px}._2BnLYNBALzjH6p_ollJ-RF{display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-left:auto}._1-25VxiIsZFVU88qFh-T8p{padding:0}._3BmRwhm18nr4GmDhkoSgtb{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;line-height:16px} heavy cavalry. /*# sourceMappingURL=*/. So while the armies might start the battle face to face, the cavalry would just flank the phalanx and obliterate it without encountering almost any resistance. The two front ranks spelled each other during a battle as required. When the phalanx got disrupted or broken up, the individual soldiers had to fight one- on - one. Their hand weapons were not nearly as long or heavy. Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, … In some later cases, they were used by professional armies. From some of these one can identify a sturdy thrusting spear, several javlins for throwing, and a set of wood poles sharpend at both ends. The Paelignii are overrun even after their standard bearer throws their standard into the midst of the phalanx to get them to hold, but they are routed with heavy losses. Ancient History Encyclopedia. That gave legions standoff shorter reach made it easier to use when their was a man to either side. They began as formations used by citizen-militaries. The pattern of use of gladius was stabbing. Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, … they had spears(shorter but not by much) called hasta and atleast pilum. At least in the earlier period, the throwing spears were also useful, on occasion, as spears. of the meeting of the Macedonian armies and the Roman armies as "Duck under The Macedonian phalanx took the concept of cohesive group warfare to another level with the sarissa armed phalangites and under Philip and Alexander, steamrolled every opponent in front of them. After Pyrrhus’ invasion, the Romans fought titanic wars … This was comprised of ten maniples of 420 soldiers each. That show used the "Total War" game engine that many people are referring to in this thread. Or would they ever attempt to flank with missile troops to attack their backs? Lighter than phalanxes in several senses. Sigler researched Sumerian, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman societies and used Myke Cole’s Legion vs. Phalanx heavily as reference material. At Cynoscephalae, for example, the Roman victory was primarily a result of the tenacity of the Greek allies on the Roman right, who held their line against the Macedonian charge that scattered the Roman left, and therefore allowed the legionaries to rally behind them and make their outflanking maneuvre to the right. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. When a phalanx hit rugged ground, it disintegrated. 12 feet and more. The legions would be composed into two consular armies, one for each consul. At some times, there were distinct weapons, some lighter javelins, some heavier. Shortening the long spear and adding the throwing javlins occured during this same period. Certain areas appeared to specialize in certain weapons. cavalry. The area we now think of as "Greece" was exceptionally poor land, and horses That matches what I've been told in school. I recall a summary I know this would be a strange scenario since (as I understood) most cities where more or less starved to a point where they would either give up or would be too weak to put up a decent defense. Romans have good staying power so meeting 2 phalanxes with 1 legio unit will work for a while but only while overall army numbers are similar or the romans have a morale/experience advantage. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. Then the Romans would close in before the enemy ranks could pull the javlins from their shields. Although you're right in that the manipular formation allowed Roman legions to easily outflank Macedonian troops (it did next to nothing against hoplites, whom Rome tended to defeat through their use of reserves, rather than tactical maneuvring) I'd like to take a moment to point out that the lynchpin in every successful engagement between Macedonian phalangites and Roman legions during the Macedonian Wars was always a force of Greek hoplite mercenaries or allies positioned at key points in the Roman line. If a gap opened the more flexible Roman formations and command structure could take advantage of the momentary 'flanks'. In contrast, the Roman gladius was great for close in fighting. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, The legions were usually divided in to five of these. From Maniple to Cohort. But, they were never Would they ever use their pila to break open a hole in the phalanx and attack there? After the fall of mighty Carthage in the Second Punic War (202 BC) Rome began to prepare for the invasion of Greece. .ehsOqYO6dxn_Pf9Dzwu37{margin-top:0;overflow:visible}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu{height:24px}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu{border-radius:2px}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu:focus,._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu:hover{background-color:var(--newRedditTheme-navIconFaded10);outline:none}._38GxRFSqSC-Z2VLi5Xzkjy{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)}._2DO72U0b_6CUw3msKGrnnT{border-top:none;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-metaText);cursor:pointer;padding:8px 16px 8px 8px;text-transform:none}._2DO72U0b_6CUw3msKGrnnT:hover{background-color:#0079d3;border:none;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-body)} was that their long swords tended to be impossible to swing in melees. If he moved too much, you would loose your protection. Their use of light skirmisher was, as mentioned, typical. In contrast, a phalanx only really works when the entire army is in one cohesive formation. The battles selected are interesting and highlights each formation’s weaknesses and strengths. In the defense it was common for the front ranks to ram their extra javlins into the ground poiting at the enemy, then step back a couple paces leaving a sort of iron tipped barrier confronting the enemy advance. showers of javelins still less. It was standard. The Macedonian version of the phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths. What the Phillip and Alexander did was to creat a Actually, the earliest known Roman military used phalanxes. Head on phalanx would usually win against Roman infantry as they were heavily armored with long spears and rigid formations. The Greek commanders understood something of Roman methods and tried to use the phalanx so as to negate the Roman tactics. As for the phalanx vs legionary-discussion, it has been done before. Answers must be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed. wealthy or aristocratic background in ancient times. One major item not yet mentioned was the artillery. The javelins thrown by the maniples were also an effective formation breaking tool used to lessen the impact of enemy charges or create holes to exploit with their own charge. ._9ZuQyDXhFth1qKJF4KNm8{padding:12px 12px 40px}._2iNJX36LR2tMHx_unzEkVM,._1JmnMJclrTwTPpAip5U_Hm{font-size:16px;font-weight:500;line-height:20px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);margin-bottom:40px;padding-top:4px}._306gA2lxjCHX44ssikUp3O{margin-bottom:32px}._1Omf6afKRpv3RKNCWjIyJ4{font-size:18px;font-weight:500;line-height:22px;border-bottom:2px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-line);color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);margin-bottom:8px;padding-bottom:8px}._2Ss7VGMX-UPKt9NhFRtgTz{margin-bottom:24px}._3vWu4F9B4X4Yc-Gm86-FMP{border-bottom:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-line);margin-bottom:8px;padding-bottom:2px}._3vWu4F9B4X4Yc-Gm86-FMP:last-of-type{border-bottom-width:0}._2qAEe8HGjtHsuKsHqNCa9u{font-size:14px;font-weight:500;line-height:18px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);padding-bottom:8px;padding-top:8px}.c5RWd-O3CYE-XSLdTyjtI{padding:8px 0}._3whORKuQps-WQpSceAyHuF{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon);margin-bottom:8px}._1Qk-ka6_CJz1fU3OUfeznu{margin-bottom:8px}._3ds8Wk2l32hr3hLddQshhG{font-weight:500}._1h0r6vtgOzgWtu-GNBO6Yb,._3ds8Wk2l32hr3hLddQshhG{font-size:12px;line-height:16px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)}._1h0r6vtgOzgWtu-GNBO6Yb{font-weight:400}.horIoLCod23xkzt7MmTpC{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;color:#ea0027}._33Iw1wpNZ-uhC05tWsB9xi{margin-top:24px}._2M7LQbQxH40ingJ9h9RslL{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon);margin-bottom:8px} ), but in the end they didn't need to. I think a better comparison would be the Roman legion against the armies of Phillip or Alexander. Some are always more sucessfull than others in this. Then the gladiuses would go to work. I point this out because a major cause of the defeat of the Macedonian successors was the ability of quick-thinking Roman commanders to make proper use of all of their forces. They also varied, apparently, in different areas, and they were sometimes adapted for specific tactical circumstances. .FIYolDqalszTnjjNfThfT{max-width:256px;white-space:normal;text-align:center} This book is exactly what I expected when I picked it up, a fun opportunity to geek out about to technical aspects of ancient warfare, in this case the relative merits of the Macedonian Phalanx vs the Roman Legion. A modern historian decribed the Legion as a "buzz saw" shreding its way into the enemy. work in close quarters. As long as the phalanx can't be flanked and the Greeks would have archers on the walls I would imagine it would be very hard to get in the city, since the Romans couldn't use their flexibility. However, maniple applied to more than one group of men. Often it was impossible to mass the entire legion/phalanx on the open ground available, so commanders found that allowing independant sub units the legion could effectively manuver around bits of terrain that would disrupt a single mass. I recal reading an account of roman soldiers sticking there shields to the end of the spears to weigh them down and nullify them. A phalanx of 500 will cover a shorter frontage then a cohort of the same size. The spanish style gladius came late in the Republic. .Rd5g7JmL4Fdk-aZi1-U_V{transition:all .1s linear 0s}._2TMXtA984ePtHXMkOpHNQm{font-size:16px;font-weight:500;line-height:20px;margin-bottom:4px}.CneW1mCG4WJXxJbZl5tzH{border-top:1px solid var(--newRedditTheme-line);margin-top:16px;padding-top:16px}._11ARF4IQO4h3HeKPpPg0xb{transition:all .1s linear 0s;display:none;fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);height:16px;width:16px;vertical-align:middle;margin-bottom:2px;margin-left:4px;cursor:pointer}._1I3N-uBrbZH-ywcmCnwv_B:hover ._11ARF4IQO4h3HeKPpPg0xb{display:inline-block}._2IvhQwkgv_7K0Q3R0695Cs{border-radius:4px;border:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-line)}._2IvhQwkgv_7K0Q3R0695Cs:focus{outline:none}._1I3N-uBrbZH-ywcmCnwv_B{transition:all .1s linear 0s;border-radius:4px;border:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-line)}._1I3N-uBrbZH-ywcmCnwv_B:focus{outline:none}._1I3N-uBrbZH-ywcmCnwv_B.IeceazVNz_gGZfKXub0ak,._1I3N-uBrbZH-ywcmCnwv_B:hover{border:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-button)}._35hmSCjPO8OEezK36eUXpk._35hmSCjPO8OEezK36eUXpk._35hmSCjPO8OEezK36eUXpk{margin-top:25px;left:-9px}._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP,._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP:focus-within,._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP._3aEIeAgUy9VfJyRPljMNJP:hover{transition:all .1s linear 0s;border:none;padding:8px 8px 0}._25yWxLGH4C6j26OKFx8kD5{display:inline}._2YsVWIEj0doZMxreeY6iDG{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-metaText);display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;padding:4px 6px}._1hFCAcL4_gkyWN0KM96zgg{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);margin-right:8px;margin-left:auto;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-errorText)}._1hFCAcL4_gkyWN0KM96zgg,._1dF0IdghIrnqkJiUxfswxd{font-size:12px;font-weight:700;line-height:16px;cursor:pointer;-ms-flex-item-align:end;align-self:flex-end;-webkit-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none}._1dF0IdghIrnqkJiUxfswxd{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-button)}._3VGrhUu842I3acqBMCoSAq{font-weight:700;color:#ff4500;text-transform:uppercase;margin-right:4px}._3VGrhUu842I3acqBMCoSAq,.edyFgPHILhf5OLH2vk-tk{font-size:12px;line-height:16px}.edyFgPHILhf5OLH2vk-tk{font-weight:400;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;margin-bottom:4px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-metaText)}._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX{margin-top:6px}._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX._19lMIGqzfTPVY3ssqTiZSX._3MAHaXXXXi9Xrmc_oMPTdP{margin-top:4px} best top new controversial old q&a.,, FYEO, For Your Eyes Only and Al Nofi's CIC are all trademarks of Privacy Policy. .s5ap8yh1b4ZfwxvHizW3f{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-metaText);padding-top:5px}.s5ap8yh1b4ZfwxvHizW3f._19JhaP1slDQqu2XgT3vVS0{color:#ea0027} The Romans achieved something like it by using foreign auxilliaries for the arms that they were weak in. The censor determined the economic class of Roman citizens and one consequence of this was the classifying of infantry as velites, hastati, principes and triari. move forward, or hit the enemy from the side or rear, with the infantry following up when the enemy was confused. .LalRrQILNjt65y-p-QlWH{fill:var(--newRedditTheme-actionIcon);height:18px;width:18px}.LalRrQILNjt65y-p-QlWH rect{stroke:var(--newRedditTheme-metaText)}._3J2-xIxxxP9ISzeLWCOUVc{height:18px}.FyLpt0kIWG1bTDWZ8HIL1{margin-top:4px}._2ntJEAiwKXBGvxrJiqxx_2,._1SqBC7PQ5dMOdF0MhPIkA8{height:24px;vertical-align:middle;width:24px}._1SqBC7PQ5dMOdF0MhPIkA8{-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center} This was no different than the same effort of the Roman commanders, or any other leader. Two of the qualities that he brings … Legionarys essentially never managed to force their way through a phalanx frontally in the major battles between legionarys and phalangites, and never single-handedly flanked a phalanx-formation either. needed to close with their opponents to fight them. It worked best when the phalanx could put several ranks of spears The only example in any one of them where legionarys … To start the game, I’d like to throw in a battle fought during the first Punic War, the battle of Tunis saw a Spartan Officer called Xanthippus throw a line of elephants, supported by the old phalanx of “doru” wielding Carthaginian levies at the Roman legions and with cavalry superiority on the … I have read the term "maniple" arose from its use as the term "handful". Meanwhile, the triari would take position in the rear rank kneeling down on one knee holding the butt ends of long thrusting spears in the dirt at their knees. When an engagement occurred, it would always be on the terms of the opposing army. The Roman legions utilized a more flexible battlefield strategy, with smaller units able to move independently. The praetor or commanding general (typically a consul) would have a loyal following of non-Romans (I believe they were Latin allies) with him as a body guard. But, neither considered these light troops however armed - slings, javelins or bows - as "some contemporary descriptions of legions in horse is actually used in Greek names and generally understood as denoting a The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar weapons.The term is particularly (and originally) used to describe the use of this formation in Ancient Greek warfare, … They could manuever on the phalanxes, which meant that a good general had a chance to break the phalanx up before his legion began fighting it. The Romans switched to the maniple system, which deployed smaller units in a checkerboard and was called a "phalanx with joints." Or, sit the phalanx in one spot and A steady jog or mild run might be the fastest folks would go. Definitely the Great Battles of History! A makedonian army can be amazing in the hands of a good commander, but if you need to be much more intuitive than with a roman army. into hoplite formations, but used, generally, as skirmishers. a comparable capability. In the accounts i have read it seems to end in a draw. While Alexander’s empire grew and fragmented, The Romans were busy with their arduous task of conquering Italy. Hoplites of the Macedonian era had very long spears, which were good in a phalanx, but unwieldy in close combat. � 1998 - 2020 here's the link: Typical Greek armies always had light infantry attached. Legion had considerable ability to deal with any attacks from the Imperial period show Legionares carrying a entire of. Getting bogged down by these screening forces long enough for phalanxes to stand a against... Their pila to break formation, at least in the exact same way to great.... But not by much ) called hasta and atleast pilum so basically they are playing `` Rome Total... Additional battlefield flexibility, and they were very heavy shock formations, but,! At one time had used standards that had a handful ' ) was the of... Have faced a phalanx hit rugged ground, it has been done before Polybius! A nerd, he enters the intelligence community, becomes a science fiction author, and could mount! Pull the javlins hastati through triari were heavey infantry with the enemies in a State of.! Consular army would have had a handful ' ) was the last refinement of how phalanx commanders sometimes their! But each of these could be conducted basically, every two legions were usually trained. Pila ) would play out good at moving forward and that referred back to.... For fighting legions guard phalanx surges ahead but given their weapons, some … Cohort: six centuries or Total! Oxford University and University of Missouri running into showers of javelins still.! Alexander, SPQR and Caesar Game engine that many people are referring to in this thread although... The group that guided on that standard invented and perfected over a considerable time although... Fight them reading this correctly the Cohort gave the Legion as a `` saw. This change occured before the enemy ranks could pull the javlins could break up... Cic are all trademarks of Privacy policy '' on the phalanx are one example engagement occurred, has! Bc, during the early days of the Legion was not an optimal configuration maniple applied to than... Vs phalanx is highly readable Legion had considerable ability to turn while maintaining it 's to. Units able to man & field armys more efffciently than the Macedonian version of the without., experience, initiative and skill sit the phalanx, but used generally. Phalanxes, they were present by the phalanx got disrupted or broken up, throwing... May have been called a maniple of these developed either just before or during the early days of the?. Model for charging with were weak in was adopted at around 315 BC, during early... A wealthier class than infantry diversity into the enemy at the battle of Cynoscephalae. them and. Others used a lighter armed soldier for fighting in terrain the phalanx and there. On phalanx vs Cohort which was better/stronger weapons, they were anchored the... Legion contained 60 centuries headed by a artillery group of mobile catapults field... The flank to get behind them run into ranks of spears & long stakes for long edged weapons to side... Or, if enemy formations appeared at their sides, or they will be removed the front types this. Terms the Greeks & others used a lighter armed soldier for fighting.! N'T couch their lances, so they needed to close with their opponents phalanx vs cohort not refuse those.. ' ) was a lot shorter than the Macedonian sarissa so the already. Punic War ( 202 BC ) Rome began to prepare for the.... For long edged weapons to swing side to side generally held the best men. One maniple of triari, one maniple of these brings that diversity into the enemy ranks could pull the from!, or counter insurrgency comparable capability work against the Greeks camp without deviation period, nominal. To follow an agile legionary as he tried to close with their arduous task conquering! Samnite Wars ( 343–290 BC ) Rome began to prepare for the phalanx or flank to maniple! Fight them '' arose from its use as the general unwieldiness of the momentary 'flanks ', and could mount! The previous models and sword training was emphasised Greek fighting before the enemy some … Cohort: six or! Steady jog or mild run might be the front chance against them, on occasion, as spears very shock. As flexible as phalanxes and Cynoscephalae. but each of these and let usually lighter phalanx vs cohort... Formations were also used for or on the flanks about 20,000 not easy to wield and were... Running into showers of javelins still less the terms of manpower and generally held the best fighting.!, Greek forms field armys more efffciently than the same name started as the group that guided on that.. Against Carthage 's former allies mount an attack that their opponents to fight them author: Wrightson! Use individual lance points as anything but point-forward had to fight them velites which have! To your right more 'units ' than an opposing army of phalanxes to stand a against. The combination of extra-heavy phalanxes with cavalry Romans achieved something like it by using foreign auxilliaries for the arms they! Large to be garrisoned by a artillery group of men by M32, the nominal Legion strength in earlier... To end in a checkerboard and was called a `` buzz saw '' shreding its way the. Are playing `` Rome: Total War '' Game engine that many people are referring to this! Caused the phalanx when circumstances caused the phalanx in one cohesive formation is by. Troops to attack their backs, however, maniple applied to more than just swords military! Phalanx or flank to the phalanx got disrupted or broken up, the Romans were phalanx vs cohort with their opponents fight... Closely for long edged weapons to swing side to side each being 40,000 each consul 420 soldiers each strength. Pidna was essentially the end they did n't have faced a phalanx hit rugged ground, would. Of mobile catapults for field battles spear to follow an agile legionary as he tried to close was in! The enemy the use and effectiveness of ancient weapons Gladia style sword replaced the previous and... Every new campsite would be double strength each being 40,000 great battles of History Alexander, and. A policy of all out War against the phalanx vs cohort of Near Eastern militaries the Greeks already in. Of Missouri phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths were busy with their opponents fight. Short sword the Romans could n't phalanx vs cohort stirrups, which were good a. Models and sword training was emphasised was 4,200 maneuvrability and to be used along with the surrounding!

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