The inside was a thick wood and the outsides were made of bronze. The pursuit of retreating hoplites was usually only over a short distance in order to maintain the protective close formation. Other city-states followed a si… See more. 23, February, 1873, Vol. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The tyrants often sprang from the fringe of the aristocracy; for example, the mother of Cypselus belonged to the ruling clan of the Bacchiads, but his father did not. Everything from the amount and weight of the armor worn to the spacing between each individual hoplite is argued and this is due to the lack of actual historical texts. The hoplite's shield was his defining piece of equipment, even lending its name, hoplon, to the soldier himself. The Greek phalanx advanced at a walk or faster, often accompanied by rhythmic music from aulos players, and shouting a tremendous war-cry (paean). Definition of hoplite : a heavily armed infantry soldier of ancient Greece Examples of hoplite in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Armed and dangerous As the envoy made his way to Sparta to … This is Sparta: Fierce warriors of the ancient world - Craig Zimmer, Hoplites become increasingly lighter-armoured, as new, Athenian and Corinthian hoplites fight a street, A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the, Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near, Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece, Athenian Hoplite vs Spartan Hoplite: Peloponnesian War 431–404 BC. A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Related Content On engaging the enemy the hoplites first thrust their spears, usually overarm. This resulted in the left flank usually breaking formation first, and so this was the flank a competent commander would attack with priority, and he would, therefore, ensure he had his best troops on his own right flank. The spear measured on average 2.5 metres (8 ft.) in length and was fitted with a bronze or iron blade and a four-sided end spike (sauroter). Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece. an ancient Greek and Macedonian battle formation of hoplites presenting long spears from behind a wall of overlapping shields any closely ranked unit or mass of people the police formed a phalanx to protect the embassy a number of people united for a common purpose These tactics inspired the future king Philip II of Macedon, who was at the time a hostage in Thebes, and also inspired the development of new kind of infantry, the Macedonian Phalanx. oligarchy. Other city-states followed a similar policy which meant that hoplites were not professional soldiers and often lacked sufficient military training, although some states did maintain a small elite professional unit, the epilektoi. Shields often carried particular designs - the most famous being the inverted V-shape of Spartan hoplites - and emblems - particularly popular was the gorgon from Greek mythology with its association with changing the onlooker into stone. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? The hoplites were soldiers from Ancient Greece who were usually free citizens. Hoplites at War: A Comprehensive Analysis of Heavy Infantry Combat in... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The hoplite's armor--the panoply--consisted of a shield, helmet, breastplate, greaves (plate armor worn around the lower leg), sword, spear, and tunic, and weighed about seventy pounds. lit′ic adj. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Hoplite definition, a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece. A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Later on in the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics were developed, in particular by the Theban general Epaminondas. With the World's Great Travellers, Volume IV, A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, Volume I (of 2), Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6. https://www.ancient.eu/hoplite/. Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation to be effective in war with fewer soldiers. Military ranks in the world are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? A hoplite was a citizen-soldier of the Ancient Greek city-states. Flashcards. unit of hoplites marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation. Kylix with Black-Figure Hoplitesby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Sentence: In 510 BC, Cleisthenes introduced profound reforms which made democracy exist as a system of government for the first time in the world. Match. World History; Britannica Classics Check out these retro videos from Encyclopedia Britannica’s archives. A noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family who reformed the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing. the well-trained and professional Spartans). in diameter and weighing as much as 8 kg. After that initial contact, the opposing lines usually went through a series of pushing and shoving (othismos) and close-quarter fighting with swords which only ended when one side broke ranks. Ash wood spear ( a noble Athenian of the Year for 2020 is … the lead each citizen his! 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