To get an idea of how a bullet will perform under various real world conditions, the FBI tests each load with a variety of barriers placed in front of the gelatin. The CCI, Fiocchi, and Winchester loads we tested are all conventional .22 Magnum loads designed primarily to be used for small game hunting with rifle-length barrels. There may be some disagreement on the specifics of what to look for in these kind of tests, but you will find few advocates of ammo that penetrates significantly less than 12 inches, or expanding ammo that consistently fails to expand as designed. Of course, oftentimes violent attackers give up or flee before shots are actually fired. 9mm Ballistics Chart There is such a variety of pistols in public use that we will not determine what guns are compatible with which loads. If the little hole doesn’t go through something that’s important for a human being’s body to remain upright and functioning, that person can still go about their business, which may include trying to hurt other people. We’re providing this information as a service to the shooting community because there are so few resources available to help consumers distinguish one hollow point load from the next other than the brand name and color of the shiny foil-embossed ammo box. Clothing can present a challenge for some hollow point loads because the opening in the bullet can become clogged with clothing material and fail to expand once it reaches living tissue. This is a 9mm Luger ballistics chart (external) generated using our ballistic trajectory calculator. Bullets that expand or tumble will leave a bigger wound cavity than bullets that fail to expand. Most loads showed either good penetration but no expansion, or decent expansion with sub-par penetration. One final aspect of ballistics testing we haven’t yet addressed is the wound cavity — the flesh that is disrupted by the bullet. All this information appears in the data charts below. You can find those results in this post. Today on Kentucky Ballistics we perform a ballistic gel test with 9mm, 357 Sig, 10mm and 5.7x28mm. Back in the late 1980s, the FBI began to use blocks of gelatin made from a solution of water and a powdered form of miscellaneous animal parts — called “ordnance gelatin” or “ballistics gel” —  as a substitute for living tissue for testing the effects of duty ammunition. We also have some additional thoughts about this particular load in this post.Update 7/11/2018: Test results for 11 different 10mm Auto loads are now live in a … I fired two rounds of each load into the gel. We shot the front with a .44 Mag and the back with a 9mm pistol. From left: .45 ACP, .40 S&W, 9mm, .38 Special +P. For rimfire calibers, we tested .22 LR and .22 Magnum (aka .22 WMR). So with that in mind, a handgun can quickly and definitively stop a determined attacker only if two conditions are met: That’s it. These are examples of what’s been called “psychological stops” and they are common, but they can’t be relied upon. There were several 9mm loads showing adequate penetration with a decent amount of expansion as well. Our test guns were a 1.9-inch Ruger LCR and a 4.2-inch Ruger SP101 (rounded to 2″ and 4″ on the charts below). Because the vast majority of the tested loads exhibited 98% or better weight retention, we haven’t shown that data in our chart (although you can find that info on the individual product pages by clicking on the name of each load in the chart). Bullets will not always provide the same results on living tissue that we see in gelatin, but we can expect bullets that perform poorly in gelatin to have a lower success rate on humans, and bullets that perform well in gelatin are more likely to overcome some of the unpredictable variables encountered in the real world. The first round fired for each load was recorded with a high speed camera at 10,000 frames per second. Ammunition used in today’s video. The heavy clothing test simulates a scenario in which the target is wearing four layers of clothing: two cotton shirts, fleece, and denim. Only one load managed to land all five bullets past the 11-inch mark and that was the Hornady FTX Critical Defense. There is a fourth cartridge in this family: the .32 Short, but it was essentially made obsolete when .32 S&W Long was introduced over 100 years ago. However, even that test showed inconsistent penetration from shot to shot. 9mm Makarov (9x18mm) Ballistic Test Results. Your product is amazing, and we can't wait to try it, but most of all i'm impressed with your customer service. If, on the other hand, you just want to find a decent load for your carry gun, you probably don’t need to go through all of that trouble. We have a gun to prepare for the worst, and in the worst kind of violent attacks, the bad guy doesn’t give up until he is physically incapable of doing you harm. We typically imagine a potential attacker will be directly in front of us, facing our direction with squared shoulders, much like the paper and cardboard targets we usually use. These new calibers fall into three categories below. Whenever feasible, we tried to duplicate the testing protocol reportedly used by the FBI, but our first priority was to be consistent, using the same procedure and conditions for every load we tested. We also have some additional thoughts about this particular load in this post. I’ve become a big fan of the almost-forgotten .32s for reasons I explained in this post. However, for owners of .32 H&R Magnum and .327 Federal Magnum revolvers, .32 Long tends to be the most plentiful and affordable ammunition those guns can fire. It is a six-shot revolver, offering one more round than the 38 Special version. The other advantage of using a consistent medium like gelatin is that it allows for an “apples to apples” comparison between ammo loads. Medium recoil with no appreciable drop out to 25 yds with max 7” spread. And if you still want more info, you can click on the name of the load to go to its product page where we’ve published a detailed breakdown of the data and a high speed video of that load as it impacts the gel block. This increased velocity translated into better performance in gelatin as well. We suspect the inclusion of a rifle-length barrel would also have yielded some interesting results. Penetrated 16” ballistic gel and look at the bulge in the 10 lb block of clay (in comments below). © 2009-2020 LuckyGunner, LLC. However, I would instead suggest the .32 H&R Magnum LSWC, which offers adequate penetration and significantly less recoil than any .327 Magnum load. On the other hand, some of the bullets had trouble with the heavy clothing barrier, leading to expansion failure and penetration that exceeded the 32″ maximum depth of our dual gel-block setup. Remember, we’re looking for something like 12 to 18 inches of penetration along with 150% expansion. This is all stuff you’ll have to test on your own at the range with your gun. Obviously, the FBI gel block is made to the FBI ballistics gel standards, but it uses synthetic gelatin, so there’s no need to keep it chilled–and also it doesn’t smell, which is pretty cool. This is one area where we intentionally deviated from the typical FBI test. Here’s what you need to know about 10mm and 9mm ballistics and stopping power. Since the very beginning of the series on pocket pistols that we started running on the Lounge (as well as YouTube) in late 2018, I have promising to add some of the smaller handgun calibers to our ballistic gelatin test project. Weight Retention of the Bullet. We have to account for a human target that may be turned slightly toward or away form us at an angle, or possibly even above or below us, or with arms partially obscuring the torso. We only used one test gun for this caliber because .25 ACP pistols with longer barrels are extremely uncommon, especially today. Only one of the three loads tested was a hollow point and it did not show a hint of expansion with either barrel. To the contrary, we did all of this work on these tests so you don’t have to obsess over the ballistic performance aspect of your carry ammo. This is … It is up to you to determine the compatibility of any ammo … Our test gun for .25 ACP was a Beretta 950 BS Jetfire with a 2.4-inch barrel. 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